15/11/99

El Vaticano da un sí prudente al uso de la biotecnología

El resumen de las conclusiones de la Academia Pontificia de la Vida son las siguientes:

- El lícito modificar genéticamente a los animales en aras de mejorar la salud humana y sus condiciones de vida. No es aceptable causar sufrimiento a ningún animal sin una ración "proporcional" a su utilidad social.

- El riesgo medioambiental de la modificación genética debe de ser evaluado caso por caso.

- Los efectos sobre la salud de los organismos genéticamente modificados deben de ser evaluados cuidadosamente, y los consumidores deben de ser informados cuando los alimentos contengan organismos genéticamente modificados.

- Cando exista una patente, se debe distinguir entre aquello que se encuentra en la naturaleza y lo que ha sido específicamente diseñado para su uso comercial.

De este texto parece desprenderse que el Vaticano no tiene objeciones en principio al uso de la ingeniería genética, pero sin embargo parece estar a favor del etiquetado ("los consumidores deben ser informados...).

Recordemos que hay normas que dictan el etiquetado obligatorio de los OGM, en vigor o en preparación, en la UE y diversos países asiáticos. En Estados Unidos, sin embargo, no es obligatorio, aunque existen movimientos de activistas e incluso de legisladores que están intentando introducirlo.

 

Fuente: Monsanto. A continuación se reproduce el texto íntegro de la noticia proveniente de Farm Source

While labeling some biotechnology practices that relate to human reproduction as "immoral," the Vatican says that genetic engineering of plants and animals is acceptable. Vatican experts voiced a "prudent yes" to  biotech process as they apply to plants and animals after church leaders reviewed more than two years of studies compiled by the Pontifical Academy of Life.

"We are increasingly encouraged that the advantages of genetic engineering of plants and animals are greater than the risks. The risks should be carefully followed through openness, analysis and controls, but without a sense of alarm," said Bishop Elio Sgreccia, vice president of the pontifical academy.

"We give it a prudent 'yes,'" he said. "We cannot agree with the position of some groups that say it is against the will of God to meddle with the genetic make-up of plants and animals."

The Vatican agreed with exports that say animal and plant genetic engineering could help solve world hunger problems.

     A summary of the academy's findings said:

     ·    It is licit to genetically modify animals in order to improve human
     health and living conditions. It is not acceptable to cause suffering to an
     animal without a reason "proportional to its social usefulness."

     ·    The environmental risk of genetic modification of plants should be
     evaluated on a case-by-case basis.

     ·    As genetically altered foods are put on the market, health effects
     should be monitored carefully, and consumers should be informed when the
     foods have been altered.

     ·    When patents are given, a distinction should be made between what is
     found in nature and what is specifically designed for commercial sale.

     Comment: There were actually several groups waiting to see what the Vatican
     would say regarding these issues. This influential establishment helps to
     form the opinion of Catholics around the world. Their approval on these
     issues (and disapproval on some) is key for many groups.